降低AD风险从这5个简单的事情做起

100000+ 2018-10-12 08:00 阿尔茨海默病

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许多疾病都有特定的原因 - 例如麻疹是由麻疹病毒引起的。虽然目前尚不清楚为什么人们会患上痴呆症,但有许多因素被认为与病情的发展有关。一些是风险因素,而另一些是保护性的。

 

风险因素是与疾病发展有某种关系的特征或因素。如果存在这些风险因素,则疾病发展的可能性增加但不确定。例如,并非每个吸烟的人都会患上心脏病,也不是每个患有心脏病的人都是吸烟者。然而,吸烟是心脏病的一个重要危险因素。

 

风险因素可包括家庭背景或接触了什么物质或产品。回到吸烟的例子:吸烟的人比不吸烟的人患心脏病的风险更大。一些风险因素是可控的,例如降低血压可以降低中风的风险,还有些风险因素是不可控的,例如年龄或家族史。

 

年龄和痴呆症的家族史是与痴呆症有强关联的风险因素。过量饮酒、头部受伤以及高血压、糖尿病、吸烟和超重等心脏病的危险因素似乎也会增加患痴呆症的风险。

 

我怎样才能降低风险?

 

痴呆症无法治愈,但保持活跃、均衡饮食、参与社交活动都能促进大脑健康,并可降低患上痴呆症的风险。保持心脏健康,包括避免吸烟和过量饮酒,也可以降低患痴呆症和其他疾病的风险。

 

那些保持大脑活跃的人患痴呆症的风险较小。阅读、参与玩牌或国际象棋,或做填字游戏和文字拼图等爱好可能有助于降低风险。您不需要一定要受过高等教育来降低风险:研究表明,那些能说多种语言或使用乐器的人罹患痴呆症的风险也较低。

 


降低风险从这5个简单的事情做起


呵护好你的心脏

 

让身体动起来

 

遵循健康的饮食

 

挑战你的大脑

 

积极参与社交


Many diseases have specific causes - for example a virus causes measles. Although it is not currently understood why people develop dementia, there are many factors which have been suggested to be linked to the development of the condition. Some are risk factors, while others appear to be protective.

 

Risk factors are characteristics or factors that appear to have some relationship to the development of a disease. If these risk factors are present, there is an increased chance, but not a certainty,that the disease will develop. For example, not everyone who smokes develops heart disease and not everyone with heart disease has been a smoker. However,smoking is a strong risk factor for heart disease.

 

Risk factors can include family background or exposures to a substance or product. Going back to the example of smoking: aperson who smokes has a greater risk of developing heart disease than someone who does not smoke. Some risk factors can be modified, for example lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of a stroke; other risk factors cannot be modified, for example age or family history.

 

Age and a strong family history of dementia are risk factors with a strong link to dementia. Excessive alcohol consumption,head injury, and risk factors for heart disease such as high blood pressure,diabetes, smoking and being overweight also seem to increase the risk of getting dementia.

 

How can I reduce my risk?

There is no cure for dementia but keeping active, eating well and engaging in social activities all promote good brain health, and may reduce your risk of developing the disease. Keeping your heart healthy, including by avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can also lower your risk of dementia, and other diseases too.

 

It seems that people who keep their brains active may be at less risk of developing dementia. Reading, engaging in a hobby such as playing bridge or chess, or doing crosswords and word puzzles may help to reduce risk. You do not need to be highly educated to lower your risk:research suggests that those who speak multiple languages, or who play musical instruments may also be at a lower risk of dementia.


Source:http://www.alz.co.uk/info/risk-factors

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